The Cycle of Summons: A Hymn from the Seventh Song of the Sabbath Sacrifice (4Q403 1i 31-40)

Noam Mizrahi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The article investigates, by way of close reading, the literary unit that opens the seventh among the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice. The study begins with a text-critical analysis of the poem based on its extant witnesses, including the many corrections contained in its best preserved copy (4Q403 1i 31-40). It then advances a new proposal concerning the poetic structure of the text, relying on linguistic and stylistic evidence. The literary delineation allows one to discern the generic characteristics of the poem, which place it within the tradition of scriptural hymns. These form-critical insights form the basis for a renewed and nuanced appreciation of the theological message of the hymn.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)43-67
Number of pages25
JournalDead Sea Discoveries
Issue number1
StatePublished - 17 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2014.


  • 4Q403
  • Angelology
  • Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Hymn
  • Literary Delimitation
  • Qumran Hebrew
  • Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice
  • Theology of Creation


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