The development of the International Baccalaureate in Spanish speaking countries: a global comparative approach

Julia Resnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


ABSTRACT: This paper compares the development of International Baccalaureate (IB) schools in four different settings: Argentine, Chile, Spain and Ecuador. The global comparative approach used in this study, based on actor-network theory (ANT), allows us to analyse the connections and interactions between global actors and the plurality of national, regional, municipal actors in a common conceptual frame – the IB network. The IB network includes mainly global actors, such as the Diploma Programme (DP), IB schools and the IB organisation, IB schools associations but also a myriad of local actors such as political leaders, national education administrations and local authorities. The paper examines two central assemblages: the institutional assemblage and the curricular assemblage. The institutional assemblage relates to who promotes and funds the DP in each country. While in Argentina and Chile an IB-private school assemblage prevails, in Spain it was an IB-public/private schools assemblage and in Ecuador an IB-government one. These assemblages condition the main point of passage of the IB network – the DP as a means to access to university – which further necessitates new assemblages between the DP and the official curriculum – the curricular assemblage.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)298-325
Number of pages28
JournalGlobalisation, Societies and Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Global comparative approach
  • International Baccalaureate (IB)
  • Spanish-speaking countries
  • actor-network theory
  • assemblages


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