The Distinctive Effects of Empathy and Hope in Intractable Conflicts

Nimrod Rosler*, Smadar Cohen-Chen, Eran Halperin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


The goal of the current research was to examine how discrete positive intergroup emotional phenomena affect conflict-related attitudes in different contexts of intractable conflict. We hypothesized that empathy, but not hope would be negatively associated with aggressive attitudes during escalation, while hope, but not empathy would be associated with conciliatory attitudes during de-escalation. In study 1, we examined our hypotheses within a correlational design in an emotion-inducing context, while in study 2 a two-wave survey was conducted during real-life events within the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict; a peace summit as well as a war. Both studies supported our hypotheses, thus indicating the unique, yet complimentary, contribution of each of the two emotional phenomena to the advancement of peace.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)114-139
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Conflict Resolution
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.


  • Israeli–Palestinian conflict
  • conflict resolution
  • de-escalation
  • emotions
  • empathy
  • escalation
  • hope


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