A double-sided variant of the information bottleneck method is considered. Let (X,Y) be a bivariate source characterized by a joint pmf PXY. The problem is to find two independent channels PU|X and PV|Y (setting the Markovian structure U→X→Y→V), that maximize I(U;V) subject to constraints on the relevant mutual information expressions: I(U;X) and I(V;Y). For jointly Gaussian X and Y, we show that Gaussian channels are optimal in the low-SNR regime but not for general SNR. Similarly, it is shown that for a doubly symmetric binary source, binary symmetric channels are optimal when the correlation is low and are suboptimal for high correlations. We conjecture that Z and S channels are optimal when the correlation is 1 (i.e., X=Y) and provide supporting numerical evidence. Furthermore, we present a Blahut-Arimoto type alternating maximization algorithm and demonstrate its performance for a representative setting. This problem is closely related to the domain of biclustering.
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- information bottleneck
- lossy compression
- remote source coding