The earliest “Great wall”? The long wall of Qi revisited

Yuri Pines*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This article explores textual, paleographic, and archeological evidence for the “Long Wall” of Qi, arguably one of the earliest long walls erected on Chinese soil. It analyzes the possible dates of the Wall's constructions, its route, its defensive role, and its relation to military, political, economic, and administrative developments of the Warring States period (453-221 Bce). I argue that the Long Wall played a significant role in Qi's military strategy in the fifth and fourth centuries Bce, bolstering its defensive capabilities. In the long term, however, the Wall might have inadvertently hindered Qi's southward expansion, placing it in a disadvantageous position versus its rivals.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)743-762
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of the American Oriental Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

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© 2018 American Oriental Society. All rights reserved.


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