The effect of a multidisciplinary integrated approach on outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Rottem Kuint*, Polina Cohen Goichman, Ahuva Mizrachi, Raphael Breuer, Avraham Abutbul, Neville Berkman, Zvi Gregorio Fridlender

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) is a common and debilitating condition, often accompanied by other co-morbidities. The Hadassah Medical Center's multidisciplinary approach in treating COPD patients in a one-stop shopfor COPD patients is the first of its kind in Israel. It includes pulmonary physicians, a nurse coordinator, dietitian, psychotherapist, physiotherapist, and a smoking cessation program. Objectives: To characterize efficacy of such a program in COPD patients Methods: Demographic and clinical data from patients referred to the Hadassah COPD center, including co-morbidities, baseline symptoms (using the CAT questionnaire), spirometry results, 6-minute walk distance (6MWT) and current treatment were collected and compared to the same data after 6-12 months of treatment. Results: Some 154 patients were evaluated; mean age 64 years; 67% male; 53% current smokers. Only 74% received chronic treatment for COPD. Average body mass index was 28, CAT score 21.3, and mean FEV1 was 1.38 liters (53% of predicted). The mean exacerbation rate during the year prior to referral was 1.72 with a 1.07 annual admission rate. Following treatment, a small increase was noted in FEV1 to 1.47 liters, 54.4% of predicted; improvement in CAT scores to 16.5 with improvement seen in 70% of patients, and a 42 meter increase in the 6MWD (from 344 to 386 meters) with some improvement of effort capacity in 77% of patients. The rate of smokers decreased to 21%, and 97% of patients received medical treatment for COPD. Conclusions: Multidisciplinary approach is feasible and efficacious in patients with COPD.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)761-764
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume22
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Airway disease
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Patient-centered outcomes
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Smoking cessation

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