The effect of climate change on the mobility and stability of coastal sand dunes in Ceará State (NE Brazil)

Haim Tsoar*, Noam Levin, Naomi Porat, Luis P. Maia, Hans J. Herrmann, Sonia H. Tatumi, Vanda Claudino-Sales

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coast of Ceará State in NE Brazil is covered by vast fields of active and stabilized coastal sand dunes. Its tropical climate is characterized by two seasons, wet and dry, with wind intensity determined by the meridional shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The wind power is negatively correlated with precipitation, and precipitation is negatively correlated with the difference between sea surface temperatures of the tropical Atlantic north and south of the equator. We present a model suggesting that during the Late Pleistocene wind power determined the mobility and stability of the dunes. Sand dunes accumulated during periods of high wind power (as it is today) and stabilized when wind power was low. Once the dunes were stabilized by vegetation they could not be activated even by increased wind power. Samples that were taken for luminescence dating from 25 stabilized dunes along the coasts of Ceará gave ages ranging from135 ka to < 100 yr. We postulate that these luminescence ages fall at the beginning of wet periods in NE Brazil characterized by low wind power. These paleoclimatic wet periods correlate well with the cold periods of stades in Greenland ice-core records.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank students of Labomar, UFC, Fortaleza: Luiz José Cruz Bezerra (Buda), Hansjörg Seybold and Gleidson da Costa Gastão who have helped us in the field to drill and collect sand samples for luminescence dating. Yosef Ashkenazy from Ben Gurion University of the Negev helped us with the NCEP/NCAR data. This study was funded by the Volkswagen Foundation (Volkswagenstiftung).

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Coastal sand dunes
  • Mobility
  • NE Brazil
  • Stability

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