The Effectiveness of Group Intervention on Enhancing Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Breast Cancer Patients: A 2-Year Follow-up

Yaira Hamama-Raz*, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Shlomit Perry, Yuval Ziv, Ruth Bar-Levav, Salomon M. Stemmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the long-term effect of group intervention on enhancing cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies in female patients with early-stage breast cancer. Methods. The sample included 174 patients who were diagnosed with early-to-mid stage breast cancer, completed adjuvant therapy, and agreed to fill out demographic and cognitive emotion regulation questionnaires (CERQ). About half of the patients (86, 49.4%) chose to participate in an 8-session group intervention (intervention group) while the others (88, 50.6%) did not (comparison group). The structured intervention for enhancing coping strategies with special emphasis on emotion regulation was conducted at the oncology unit at Rabin Medical Center by 2 experienced therapists. Preliminary effects on CER evaluated 6, 12, and 24 months postintervention were compared to the CER of a group of patients that opted not to participate in the group intervention. Results. In the intervention group, the long-term effect (from baseline to 24 months) was assessed using the mix models module. Significant interaction effects were found for both the Negative CER scales (F(3, 268,404) = 3.66, P =.01) and for the Positive CER scales (F(3, 27,660) = 5.12, P =.002). No statistically significant differences in socio-demographic characteristics and medical variables were observed between the intervention and comparison groups. Conclusion. Our findings indicate that a group intervention aimed at empowerment of coping strategies had positive long-term outcomes that reinforce adaptive coping strategies and improve less effective strategies of cognitive emotion regulation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalIntegrative Cancer Therapies
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • cognitive emotion regulation
  • coping
  • group intervention

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