During the lifetime of a cell proteins can change their localization, alter their abundance and undergo modifications, all of which cannot be assayed by tracking mRNAs alone. Methods to study proteomes directly are coming of age, thereby opening new perspectives on the role of post-translational regulation in stabilizing the cellular milieu. Proteomics has undergone a revolution, and novel technologies for the systematic analysis of proteins have emerged. These methods can expand our ability to acquire information from single proteins to proteomes, from static to dynamic measures and from the population level to the level of single cells. Such approaches promise that proteomes will soon be studied at a similar level of dynamic resolution as has been the norm for transcriptomes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Work in the authors’ laboratory is supported by a European Research Council (ERC) C Starting Grant (260395). M.S. is a European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) Young Investigator.