The environment in Palestine in the late Ottoman period, 1798-1918

Ruth Kark*, Noam Levin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

8 Scopus citations


THIS CHAPTER CONSIDERS stages in the process of environmental and spatial change in the landscape of Palestine in the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century and the determinants and catalysts. During this period, which began with Napoleon's invasion of Egypt, Palestine, and the Levant, Palestine was transformed from a neglected backwater of the Ottoman Empire to a focal point of world attention. Consideration is given to changes in the natural landscape of forests, wetlands, and other habitats, resulting from spatial change, including changes in land use, that were a consequence of political and legal reforms as well as immigration to Palestine. These processes influenced the nomadic and the settled populations, land ownership patterns, and agricultural practices.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationBetween Ruin and Restoration
Subtitle of host publicationAn Environmental History of Israel
PublisherUniversity of Pittsburgh Press
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9780822978114
ISBN (Print)9780822962229
StatePublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2013, University of Pittsburgh Press. All rights reserved.


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