The evolution of private and open access property

Abraham Bell*, Gideon Parchomovsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In this Article we explore the evolution of property law and examine the applicability of the prevailing accounts according to which property institutions oscillate between the extreme points of open access and private property. We show that the evolution of property is a much more nuanced process, shaped by the interplay of the following three dimensions: number of owners, extent of dominion and asset configuration. Accordingly, property institutions can assume a myriad of positions along the aforementioned dimensions in response to the constant change in exclusion and management costs. We demonstrate our theory by discussing examples of three dimensional adjustments of real, personal and intellectual property.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number4
JournalTheoretical Inquiries in Law
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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