The family ectothiorhodospiraceae

Aharon Oren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The family Ectothiorhodospiraceae, first proposed in 1984, is affiliated with the Gammaproteobacteria. As of July 2012, it encompassed 15 genera: Ectothiorhodospira [type genus], Alkalilimnicola, Alkalispirillum, Aquisalimonas, Arhodomonas, Ectothiorhodosinus, Halorhodospira, Methylonatrum, Natronocella, Nitrococcus, Thioalbus, Thioalkalivibrio, Thiohalomonas, Thiohalospira, and Thiorhodospira, with a total of 38 species, including two that were considered later heterotypic synonyms of earlier published species. Physiologically the family is highly diverse. Four genera consist of anoxygenic phototrophs, four genera contain sulfur-oxidizing chemolithotrophs, one monospecific genus performs autotrophic nitrite oxidation, five genera contain aerobic chemoheterotrophs, and one monospecific genus is facultatively methylotrophic. Anaerobic growth using nitrate and other oxidized nitrogen compounds as electron acceptors occurs in some non-phototrophic members of the family. Many representatives are halophilic and/or alkaliphilic, and they can be found worldwide in saline, hypersaline, and alkaline aquatic and terrestrial environments.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Prokaryotes
Subtitle of host publicationGammaproteobacteria
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Pages199-222
Number of pages24
Volume9783642389221
ISBN (Electronic)9783642389221
ISBN (Print)364238921X, 9783642389214
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights are reserved.

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