The family halobacteriaceae

Aharon Oren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The family Halobacteriaceae, first proposed by Gibbons in 1974, is affiliated with the archaeal phylum Euryarchaeota. Currently (August 2012) it encompasses 40 genera: Halobacterium [type genus], Haladaptatus, Halalkalicoccus, Halarchaeum, Halarchaeobius, Haloarcula, Halobaculum, Halobellus, Halobiforma, Halococcus, Haloferax, Halogeometricum, Halogranum, Halolamina, Halomarina, Halomicrobium, Halonotius, Halopelagius, Halopenitus, Halopiger, Haloplanus, Haloquadratum, Halorhabdus, Halorientalis, Halorubrum, Halosarcina, Halosimplex, Halostagnicola, Haloterrigena, Halovenus, Halovivax, Natrialba, Natrinema, Natronoarchaeum, Natronobacterium, Natronococcus, Natronolimnobius, Natronomonas, Natronorubrum, and Salarchaeum, with a total of 137 species. All members of the family have a high requirement for salt, and most grow optimally at salt concentrations above 150-200 g/l. Most species are pigmented red-pink by carotenoid pigments and have an aerobic chemoheterotrophic metabolism. Some have the ability to grow anaerobically by fermentation, anaerobic respiration, or using bacteriorhodopsin to absorb light as an energy source.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Prokaryotes
Subtitle of host publicationOther Major Lineages of Bacteria and the Archaea
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages81
ISBN (Electronic)9783642301230
ISBN (Print)3642389538, 9783642301223
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014. All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'The family halobacteriaceae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this