The family Methanothermaceae currently consists of a single genus Methanothermus with two species: Methanothermus fervidus and Methanothermus sociabilis. Both were isolated from terrestrial solfatara fields in Iceland, and they may be endemic to that area. They are rod-shaped nonmotile chemolithoautotrophs that grow only on H2/CO2 as substrate for methanogenesis, and they grow optimally at 83-88 °C and up to 97 °C. The family is affiliated with the order Methanobacteriales.
|Original language||American English|
|Title of host publication||The Prokaryotes|
|Subtitle of host publication||Other Major Lineages of Bacteria and The Archaea|
|Publisher||Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||5|
|ISBN (Print)||3642389538, 9783642301223|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2014|
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