The flow-cytometry-based evaluation of cellular immunity in cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis and healthy controls from the endemic area in southern Israel

D. Fishman, E. Bazarsky, R. Sneir, E. Klement, N. Orr, R. Kayouf, S. Segal, J. El-On*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Only limited data are available on the early immunological events associated with human cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). In this study, peripheral-blood mononuclear cells were obtained from 66 individuals (34 patients with cutaneous lesions and 32 apparently healthy controls) who had each spent no more than 3 months in the endemic region of Qetzioth, in southern Israel. These cells' responses to Leishmania major antigen were then explored, by the flow-cytometry-based evaluation of blast transformation (BT). The lymphocytes from 17 (50%) of the patients but only one (3%) of the controls displayed BT. When, in an ELISA, most (52) of the subjects were checked for anti-L. major antibodies, none of the 22 controls investigated but 19 (63%) of the 30 patients were found seropositive. Although 14 (47%) of the 30 patients who were checked for antibodies were BT-positive, the seropositive patients were not significantly more or less likely to be BT-positive than the seronegative patients (P<0.919). These data indicate that, in CL, the hosts' cellular and humoral responses develop independently within the first 3 months post-infection, but further investigation is required to confirm this hypothesis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The flow-cytometry-based evaluation of cellular immunity in cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis and healthy controls from the endemic area in southern Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this