The folate hydrolase 1561c>t polymorphism is associated with depressive symptoms in puerto Rican adults

Xingwang Ye, Chao Qiang Lai, Jimmy W. Crott, Aron M. Troen, Jose M. Ordovas, Katherine L. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the associations between variants of genes involved in the uptake, retention, and metabolism of folate and depressive symptoms and to analyze whether such associations are direct or through mediation by folate or homocysteine. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from 976 Puerto Rican adults, aged 45 to 75 years, residing in the greater Boston area, Massachusetts. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in folate uptake, retention, and metabolism were investigated. These include FOLH1 (folate hydrolase), FPGS (folate polyglutamate synthase), GGH (γ-glutamyl hydrolase), MTHFR (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase), MTR (methionine synthase), PCFT (proton-coupled folate transporter), and RFC1 (reduced folate carrier 1). The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to measure depressive symptoms. Results: The FOLH1 rs61886492 C>T (or 1561C>T) polymorphism was significantly associated with lower CES-D score (p = .0025) after adjusting for age, sex, population admixture, smoking, and educational attainment. Individuals with the TT and TC genotypes were 49% less likely (odds ratio = 0.51, 95% confidence interval = 0.29-0.89) to report mild depressive symptoms (CES-D score 16 and ≤26) and 64% less likely (odds ratio = 0.36, 95% confidence interval = 0.18-0.69) to report moderate to severe depressive symptoms (CES-D score >26), compared with those with the CC genotype. No significant mediation effects by plasma folate or homocysteine on the associations between this single nucleotide polymorphism and CES-D score were observed. Conclusions: The FOLH1 1561C>T polymorphism may be associated with the risk of depressive symptoms.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)385-392
Number of pages8
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • depressive symptoms
  • folate
  • folate hydrolase
  • genetics
  • glutamate carboxypeptidase II
  • polymorphisms


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