The FORCIS database: A global census of planktonic Foraminifera from ocean waters

Sonia Chaabane*, Thibault de Garidel-Thoron, Xavier Giraud, Ralf Schiebel, Gregory Beaugrand, Geert Jan Brummer, Nicolas Casajus, Mattia Greco, Maria Grigoratou, Hélène Howa, Lukas Jonkers, Michal Kucera, Azumi Kuroyanagi, Julie Meilland, Fanny Monteiro, Graham Mortyn, Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Hirofumi Asahi, Simona Avnaim-Katav, Franck BassinotCatherine V. Davis, David B. Field, Iván Hernández-Almeida, Barak Herut, Graham Hosie, Will Howard, Anna Jentzen, David G. Johns, Lloyd Keigwin, John Kitchener, Karen E. Kohfeld, Douglas V.O. Lessa, Clara Manno, Margarita Marchant, Siri Ofstad, Joseph D. Ortiz, Alexandra Post, Andres Rigual-Hernandez, Marina C. Rillo, Karen Robinson, Takuya Sagawa, Francisco Sierro, Kunio T. Takahashi, Adi Torfstein, Igor Venancio, Makoto Yamasaki, Patrizia Ziveri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Planktonic Foraminifera are unique paleo-environmental indicators through their excellent fossil record in ocean sediments. Their distribution and diversity are affected by different environmental factors including anthropogenically forced ocean and climate change. Until now, historical changes in their distribution have not been fully assessed at the global scale. Here we present the FORCIS (Foraminifera Response to Climatic Stress) database on foraminiferal species diversity and distribution in the global ocean from 1910 until 2018 including published and unpublished data. The FORCIS database includes data collected using plankton tows, continuous plankton recorder, sediment traps and plankton pump, and contains ~22,000, ~157,000, ~9,000, ~400 subsamples, respectively (one single plankton aliquot collected within a depth range, time interval, size fraction range, at a single location) from each category. Our database provides a perspective of the distribution patterns of planktonic Foraminifera in the global ocean on large spatial (regional to basin scale, and at the vertical scale), and temporal (seasonal to interdecadal) scales over the past century.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number354
JournalScientific data
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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