The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster

M. D. Adams*, S. E. Celniker, R. A. Holt, C. A. Evans, J. D. Gocayne, P. G. Amanatides, S. E. Scherer, P. W. Li, R. A. Hoskins, R. F. Galle, R. A. George, S. E. Lewis, S. Richards, M. Ashburner, S. N. Henderson, G. G. Sutton, J. R. Wortman, M. D. Yandell, Q. Zhang, L. X. ChenR. C. Brandon, Y. H.C. Rogers, R. G. Blazej, M. Champe, B. D. Pfeiffer, K. H. Wan, C. Doyle, E. G. Baxter, G. Helt, C. R. Nelson, G. L. Gabor Miklos, J. F. Abril, A. Agbayani, H. J. An, C. Andrews-Pfannkoch, D. Baldwin, R. M. Ballew, A. Basu, J. Baxendale, L. Bayraktaroglu, E. M. Beasley, K. Y. Beeson, P. V. Benos, B. P. Berman, D. Bhandari, S. Bolshakov, D. Borkova, M. R. Botchan, J. Bouck, P. Brokstein, P. Brottier, K. C. Burtis, D. A. Busam, H. Butler, E. Cadieu, A. Center, I. Chandra, J. Michael Cherry, S. Cawley, C. Dahlke, L. B. Davenport, P. Davies, B. de Pablos, A. Delcher, Z. Deng, A. Deslattes Mays, I. Dew, S. M. Dietz, K. Dodson, L. E. Doup, M. Downes, S. Dugan-Rocha, B. C. Dunkov, P. Dunn, K. J. Durbin, C. C. Evangelista, C. Ferraz, S. Ferriera, W. Fleischmann, C. Fosler, A. E. Gabrielian, N. S. Garg, W. M. Gelbart, K. Glasser, A. Glodek, F. Gong, J. Harley Gorrell, Z. Gu, P. Guan, M. Harris, N. L. Harris, D. Harvey, T. J. Heiman, J. R. Hernandez, J. Houck, D. Hostin, K. A. Houston, T. J. Howland, M. H. Wei, C. Ibegwam, M. Jalali, F. Kalush, G. H. Karpen, Z. Ke, J. A. Kennison, K. A. Ketchum, B. E. Kimmel, C. D. Kodira, C. Kraft, S. Kravitz, D. Kulp, Z. Lai, P. Lasko, Y. Lei, A. A. Levitsky, J. Li, Z. Li, Y. Liang, X. Lin, X. Liu, B. Mattei, T. C. McIntosh, M. P. McLeod, D. McPherson, G. Merkulov, N. V. Milshina, C. Mobarry, J. Morris, A. Moshrefi, S. M. Mount, M. Moy, B. Murphy, L. Murphy, D. M. Muzny, D. L. Nelson, D. R. Nelson, K. A. Nelson, K. Nixon, D. R. Nusskern, J. M. Pacleb, M. Palazzolo, G. S. Pittman, S. Pan, J. Pollard, V. Puri, M. G. Reese, K. Reinert, K. Remington, R. D.C. Saunders, F. Scheeler, H. Shen, B. Christopher Shue, I. Siden-Kiamos, M. Simpson, M. P. Skupski, T. Smith, E. Spier, A. C. Spradling, M. Stapleton, R. Strong, E. Sun, R. Svirskas, C. Tector, R. Turner, E. Venter, A. H. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, D. A. Wassarman, G. M. Weinstock, J. Weissenbach, S. M. Williams, T. Woodage, K. C. Worley, D. Wu, S. Yang, Q. Alison Yao, J. Ye, R. F. Yeh, J. S. Zaveri, M. Zhan, G. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Zheng, X. H. Zheng, F. N. Zhong, W. Zhong, X. Zhou, S. Zhu, X. Zhu, H. O. Smith, R. A. Gibbs, E. W. Myers, G. M. Rubin, J. Craig Venter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4986 Scopus citations


The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the ~120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Efforts are under way to close the remaining gaps, however, the sequence is of sufficient accuracy and contiguity to be declared substantially complete and to support an initial analysis of genome structure and preliminary gene annotation and interpretation. The genome encodes ~13,600 genes, somewhat fewer than the smaller Caenorhabditis elegans genome, but with comparable functional diversity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2185-2195
Number of pages11
Issue number5461
StatePublished - 24 Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this