Climate field reconstructions (CFRs) combine modern observational data with paleoclimatic proxies to estimate climate variables over spatiotemporal grids during time periods when widespread observations of climatic conditions do not exist. The Common Era (CE) has been a period over which many seasonally- and annually-resolved CFRs have been produced on regional to global scales. CFRs over the CE were first produced in the 1970s using dendroclimatic records and linear regression-based approaches. Since that time, many new CFRs have been produced using a wide range of proxy data sets and reconstruction techniques. We assess the early history of research on CFRs for the CE, which provides context for our review of advances in CFR research over the last two decades. We review efforts to derive gridded hydroclimatic CFRs over continental regions using networks of tree-ring proxies. We subsequently explore work to produce hemispheric- and global-scale CFRs of surface temperature using multi-proxy data sets, before specifically reviewing recently-developed data assimilation techniques and how they have been used to produce simultaneous reconstructions of multiple climatic fields globally. We then review efforts to develop standardized and digitized databases of proxy networks for use in CFR research, before concluding with some thoughts on important next steps for CFR development.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by NSF Grants OISE‐1743738, AGS‐1805490, and AGS‐2101214 and ISF Grant 2654/20. We thank Gabi Hergerl and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful and insightful comments on the initially submitted version of this manuscript.
This work was supported in part by NSF Grants OISE-1743738, AGS-1805490, and AGS-2101214 and ISF Grant 2654/20. We thank Gabi Hergerl and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful and insightful comments on the initially submitted version of this manuscript.
© 2023 The Authors.
- climate field reconstructions
- Common Era
- data assimilation
- last millennium