The impact of alloplast and allograft on bone homeostasis: Orthodontic tooth movement into regenerated bone

Yehuda Klein, Natthapong Kunthawong, Omer Fleissig, Nardi Casap, David Polak*, Stella Chaushu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: The aim of the study is to examine bone healing following augmentation with allograft or β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and evaluate orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) into the augmented sites. Methods: The study included two parts. Part I included the alveolar bone regeneration model. Osseous defects were created by extraction of the maxillary first molars in C57BL/6 mice, and the sockets were filled with allograft, β-TCP, or left unfilled (n = 6/group). Mouse allograft was prepared by a novel method using long bones. Maxillae were collected at 2, 4, and 6 weeks for microcomputed tomography (μCT) and histological analysis. In Part II, OTM was performed after full bone healing, through grafted and unfilled sockets (n = 10/group), and the second molar shift was assessed using μCT. Results: Bone volume and trabeculation were reduced in β-TCP compared with allograft and non-grafted groups at 2 and 4 weeks post-grafting, but similar at 6 weeks. Graft particles could be detected at 2 weeks post-grafting for β-TCP, and at 2 and 4 weeks for allograft. Increased osteoclasts’ presence was observed in the β-TCP group at 2 and 4 weeks compared with allograft and control. OTM was similar in the two graft groups, but impaired versus the non-grafted controls. Conclusion: β-TCP and allograft induce full normal healing but alter OTM into the regenerated sites.

    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)1067-1075
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Periodontology
    Volume91
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2019 American Academy of Periodontology

    Keywords

    • bone regeneration
    • orthodontics
    • wound healing

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