The in vitro effect of fluoridated milk in a bacterial biofilm--enamel model.

Wolfgang H. Arnold*, Stefan Forer, Joerg Heesen, Keren Yudovich, Doron Steinberg, Peter Gaengler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of milk and fluoridated milk on bacterially induced caries-like lesions. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Extracted impacted human molars were cut in half and covered with a varnish leaving a 4*4 mm window. The samples were coated with biofilm of S. sobrinus and were further divided into three experimental groups of S. sobrinus, S. sobrinus and milk and S. sobrinus and fluoridated milk. As negative controls served teeth incubated in saline. Of twenty tooth halves serial ground sections were cut through the lesions and investigated with polarization light microscopy (PLM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EDX element analysis. The PLM photographs were used for 3D reconstruction, volumetric assessment and determination of the extension of the lesion zones. Of eight tooth halves the biofilm on the enamel surface was studied with SEM and EDX element analysis. RESULTS: Volumetric assessment showed a statistically significant difference in the volume of the body of the lesion and the translucent zone between the milk group and fluoridated milk group. Quantitative element analysis demonstrated significant differences between sound enamel and the superficial layer in the fluoridated milk group. The biofilm on the enamel surface showed an increased Ca content in the milk group and fluoridated milk group. CONCLUSIONS: Milk as a common nutrient seems to play a complex role in in-vitro biofilm--enamel interactions stimulating bacterial demineralization on one hand, and, as effective fluoride carrier, inhibits caries-like demineralization.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'The in vitro effect of fluoridated milk in a bacterial biofilm--enamel model.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this