After the defeat of the Mamluks at Marj Dabiq in August 1516, the Ottomans occupied a Palestine that was subdivided into districts (sandjaks), which were part of the Bilad al-Sham (historical Syria). This was essentially an agricultural region, with a small number of urban centers. This territory, once a passage between Egypt and Syria, became a remote and impoverished province; its only interest to the central power consisted in its relative religious importance, given the presence of sacred places—Jerusalem in particular—as well as the proximity of the route to the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, via Transjordan.
|Title of host publication
|A history of Jewish-Muslim relations
|Subtitle of host publication
|from the origins to the present day
|Abdelwahab Meddeb, Benjamin Stora
|Princeton University Press
|Number of pages
|Published - 3 Nov 2013
Also appeared in French.