Introduction: Labiopalatal impacted canines (L-PICs) occur when the canines lie between central and lateral incisors, with their tip palatal to the central incisor and part of their crown labial to the lateral incisor. Because of their unusual position, they are often misdiagnosed, and their orthodontic resolution fails. This study aims to provide clinicians with pathognomonic features for early and accurate positional diagnosis of L-PICs. Methods: The L-PIC sample included 21 subjects with full diagnostic records. The control group of normally erupted canines was taken from a previous study. Clinical photographs, 2-dimensional radiographs, and cone-beam computed tomography were used to evaluate the positions of the adjacent incisors and first premolars, the canine incisor index, and the mesiodistal width of the lateral vs central incisors. Results: Central incisors adjacent to L-PICs showed significant mesial root angulation, labial root inclination, and mesiolabial crown rotation, whereas lateral incisors presented significant distal root angulation, palatal root inclination, and mesiolabial crown rotation, in comparison to controls. The roots of the central and lateral incisors were divergent, in contrast to the controls, in which they were slightly convergent. The first premolar positions were not affected. The mean canine incisor index was significantly bigger in L-PICs vs the controls, suggesting a palatal canine. The lateral incisor widths were similar between the groups. Conclusions: This study provides the orthodontist with evidence-based clinical and radiographic red flags for diagnosing L-PIC, which may allow timely initiation of orthodontic treatment and correct planning of mechanotherapy.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|State||Published - May 2023|
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