The Laminin α1 Chain Ile-Lys-Val-Ala-Val (IKVAV)-containing Peptide Promotes Liver Colonization by Human Colon Cancer Cells

Robert S. Bresalier, Bertha Schwartz*, Young S. Kim, Quan Yang Duh, Hynda K. Kleinman, Paul M. Sullam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laminin, a major basement membrane-specific glycoprotein, promotes the attachment, migration, and invasion of a variety of tumor cells. Since laminin is present in the perisinusoidal matrix of the liver, we studied its effects on liver colonization by human colon cancer cells (HM7, LiM6) previously shown to have liver-metastasizing ability in athymic mice. These malignant cells expressed high levels of a 32-kDa laminin-binding protein on Western blot analysis when compared to the low metastatic parental cell line. Coinjection of laminin α chain-derived peptides which contain the amino acid sequence IIe-Lys-Val-Ala-Val (IKVAV) significantly stimulated liver colonization as determined by liver weight (P < 0.005) and number of tumor nodules (P < 0.02) 3 weeks after splenic-portal inoculation into nude mice. No stimulation was seen with a control peptide containing the same amino acids but in a scrambled sequence. In contrast, the Tyr-IIe-Gly-Ser-Arg peptide from the laminin 01 chain significantly inhibited HM7 liver colonization. These differences were not due to alterations in the number of cells initially reaching the liver as determined by injection of [125I]iododeoxyuridine-labeled tumor cells, but retention in the liver was stimulated by the IKVAV-containing peptides. Flow analysis indicated that the IKVAV peptide may act, in part, by stimulating homotypic adhesion of tumor cells. These data suggest that interactions of colon cancer cells with the IKVAV site on laminin may play a role in the formation of metastatic foci in the liver through cell-cell or cell-substratum interactions which promote metastasis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2476-2480
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume55
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jun 1995
Externally publishedYes

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