In the years 1934–1939, a League of Nations’ sub-committee was founded to review the international prohibition on traffic in cannabis. Most of the experts invited to testify were medical officers stationed in the Middle East and North Africa. This article examines the deliberations of this sub-committee in light of recent scholarship on drugs, empire, colonial medicine and the League of Nations, and argues that international discussions of the cannabis prohibition were informed by colonial assumptions about Arabs and/or Muslims.
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© 2011 The Author. History Compass © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.