The link between perceptions of self and of social relationships in high-functioning children with autism

Nirit Bauminger*, Cory Shulman, Galit Agam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the perception of friendship in high-functioning children with autism (8-17 years old) and the link between perceptions of self and of social relationships in these children. Sixteen typically developing children were matched to sixteen high-functioning children with autism, on chronological age, IQ, gender, and mother's education. Study measures included a friendship picture recognition task and three self-report questionnaires: qualities of friendship, loneliness, and self-perception profile. Main results indicated that even if children with autism more frequently related to the intersubjective qualities of friendship such as affective sharing or intimacy, they perceived their friendship to be as close as did typically developing children. Also, for the group with autism, friendship correlated positively with cognitive competencies and general self-worth and negatively with loneliness. In addition, children with autism perceived their social and athletic competencies as lower compared with typically developing children. Implications of the associations between self-perceptions and perceptions of friendship are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)193-214
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a Bar-Ilan University Internal Grant, given to the first author. The authors would like to express their appreciation to Dee B. Ankonina for her editorial contribution. Special thanks are extended to the children who participated in the study.

Keywords

  • Friendship
  • High-functioning children with autism
  • Loneliness
  • Self perception

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The link between perceptions of self and of social relationships in high-functioning children with autism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this