The longevity of anti NSP antibodies and the sensitivity of a 3ABC ELISA - A 3 years follow up of repeatedly vaccinated dairy cattle infected by foot and mouth disease virus

E. Elnekave, H. Shilo, B. Gelman, E. Klement*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

ELISA tests for detection of anti NSP antibodies are extensively used in surveys estimating exposure of livestock to foot and mouth disease virus as a part of endemic and post epidemic surveillance programs. Yet, estimation of the longevity of anti NSP antibodies in naturally infected cattle and the sensitivity of ELISA tests based on them were rarely studied to date. Our research aim was to estimate the long term (up to 1118 days after exposure) change in levels of anti NSP antibodies in dairy cattle individuals naturally infected by FMDV and to evaluate the sensitivity of a commercially available ELISA kit in detecting anti NSP antibodies during the follow up period. A 3ABC blocking ELISA kit (PrioCHECK® FMDV NS) was used in a 3 years follow up study of repeatedly vaccinated cattle, which were found to be NSP positive during an FMD outbreak in a dairy farm. In order to rule out the possibility of a recurrent FMD outbreakinvolving the study population we combined clinical and laboratory monitoring:Cattle which were located in the same herd and were previously found as negative to anti NSP antibodies werefollowed and did not present FMD symptoms or a serological conversion. The overall sensitivity for infection detection was calculated using two approaches. When a conservative approach was taken and equivocal results (45%≤PI≤55%) were treated as negative, the sensitivities were 95% (CI95%=75.1-99.9%), 88.2% (CI95%=63.6-98.5%) and 76.9% (CI95%=46.2-95%) 311, 689 and 1118 days after the outbreak, respectively. However, when equivocal results were treated as positive, the sensitivities were 100% (CI95%=83.2-100%), 94.1% (CI95%=71.3-99.9%) and 92.3% (CI95%=64-99.8%) 311, 689 and 1118 days after the outbreak, respectively. We therefore conclude that this test can serve as a valuable tool for detection of previous FMDV infection in cattle in endemic countries, where routine vaccinations are implied, even several years after exposure.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume178
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • 3ABC
  • ELISA
  • FMD
  • NSP
  • Sensitivity

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