“The mystery of (RE)incarnation and the fallen angels”: The reincarnations of Adam, Enoch, Metatron, (Jesus), and Joseph—an anti-christian polemic in the Zohar

Jonatan M. Benarroch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reincarnation of Adam in Joseph, the fallen angels (‘Azza and ‘Azza’el) and Joseph’s brothers, a possible Christian polemic concerning Metatron and Jesus, the mystery of “divine physiognomy,” the “book of Rabbi Kruspedai,” and the meeting with his mother on the day of R. Kruspedai’s death—are all included in some Zoharic passages printed in Tikkunei haZohar, at the end of Tikkun 70 (134b–136a), which is the focal text of this article. The main purpose of this article is to discuss the multifaceted linkage between Metatron and Jesus as part of the hidden Zoharic polemics against Christianity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)117-147
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Medieval Religious Cultures
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Keywords

  • Adam
  • Enoch
  • Jesus
  • Metatron
  • Zohar

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