The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): Archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic evidence

Michael Chazan*, D. Margaret Avery, Marion K. Bamford, Francesco Berna, James Brink, Yolanda Fernandez-Jalvo, Paul Goldberg, Sharon Holt, Ari Matmon, Naomi Porat, Hagai Ron, Lloyd Rossouw, Louis Scott, Liora Kolska Horwitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)859-866
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Wonderwerk Cave project is funded by grants from the Canadian SSHRC and the Wenner Gren Foundation to M. Chazan. Fieldwork at Wonderwerk Cave is carried out under permit to M. Chazan from SAHRA and museum analysis under the terms of an agreement with the McGregor Museum. This project builds on work undertaken at the site by Peter Beaumont. We also thank Peter Beaumont for his encouragement and support of this project. L. K. Horwitz would like to thank the Bloemfontein National Museum for hosting her during the study of the Wonderwerk fauna; J. Brink thanks Dr. Berhard Zipfel, Institute for Human Evolution, University of the Witwatersrand, and Ms. Stephany Potze and Mr. Lazarus Kgasi, Department of Palaeontology, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (previously the Transvaal Museum), for access to the Swartkrans and Makapansgat Limeworks fossil assemblages. Additional financial support (to F. Berna and P. Goldberg) for research appearing in this paper was provided by the US National Science Foundation Grants # 0917739 and # 0551927 and the Marie Curie International Fellowship within the 6th European Community Framework Program # MOIF-CT-2006-041053 . We would like to acknowledge the invaluable contribution to the Wonderwerk project of our friend and colleague Hagai Ron, who sadly passed away this September.


  • Oldowan
  • Paleoecology
  • Paleolithic
  • South Africa
  • Wonderwerk Cave

Cite this