The order halanaerobiales, and the families halanaerobiaceae and halobacteroidaceae

Aharon Oren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The order Halanaerobiales, families Halanaerobiaceae and Halobacteroidaceae, consists of obligatory anaerobic, moderately halophilic bacteria that require NaCl concentrations between 0.5 and 3.4 M for optimal growth. Representatives have been isolated from anaerobic sediments of salt lakes worldwide, from brines associated with oil reservoirs, and also from fermented salted foods. Some species are thermophilic or alkaliphilic. Although phylogenetically affiliated with the low G+C branch of the Firmicutes, the cells show a Gram-negative wall structure, and most species stain Gram-negative. Some representatives of the Halobacteroidaceae produce endospores. Most species ferment carbohydrates to acetate, ethanol, H2, CO2, and other fermentation products. Within the Halobacteroidaceae, a greater metabolic diversity is found, with some species displaying a homoacetogenic metabolism; growth by anaerobic respiration using different electron acceptors including nitrate, trimethylamine.-oxide, selenate, arsenate, or Fe(III); or chemolithoautotrophic growth on hydrogen and elemental sulfur.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Prokaryotes
Subtitle of host publicationFirmicutes and Tenericutes
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Pages153-177
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9783642301209
ISBN (Print)3642301193, 9783642301193
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2013

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights are reserved.

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