The Palestine Exploration Fund map (1871-1877) of the holy land as a tool for analysing landscape changes: The coastal dunes of Israel as a case study

Noam Levin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Palestine Exploration Fund (PEF) maps (1871-1877) are highly praised for their accuracy and completeness; however, no systematic analysis of their accuracy has been done to date. To study the potential of these 1:63,360 maps for a quantitative analysis of land cover changes over a period of time, I have compared them to 20th century topographic maps. The map registration error of the PEF maps was 74.4 m using 123 control points of trigonometrical stations and a 1st order polynomial. The median RMSE of all control and test points (n = 1104) was 153.6 m. As a case study of land cover changes, the area of coastal dunes as shown on the PEF maps was compared with that shown on British Mandate 1:20,000 topo-cadastral maps from c. 1930. In five of the six areas analysed, the yearly dunes movement rate was above the estimated annual error due to data resolution (2.96 m/year). The rate of dune movement south of Acre was found to be between 3.9 and 6.3 mlyear (depending on the method used for map registration) between 1874 and 1930. Care should be taken when analysing historical maps, as it cannot be assumed that their accuracy is consistent at different parts or for different features depicted on them.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)45-67
Number of pages23
JournalCartographic Journal
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Palestine Exploration Fund map (1871-1877) of the holy land as a tool for analysing landscape changes: The coastal dunes of Israel as a case study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this