The potential use of chickpeas in development of infant follow-on formula

Lovemore Nkhata Malunga, Shimrit Bar-El Dadon, Eli Zinal, Zipi Berkovich, Shahal Abbo, Ram Reifen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Background: Undernutrition during childhood is a common disorder in the developing countries, however most research has focussed much on its treatment rather than its prevention. Objective. We investigated the potential of using chickpeas in infant follow-on formula production against the requirements of WHO/FAO on complementary foods and EU regulations on follow-on formula. Methods. Chickpeas were germinated for 72 hours followed by boiling, drying and dehulling in order to minimise associated anti-nutrition factors. Saccharifying enzymes were used to hydrolyse starch to maltose and the resulting flours were analysed for their protein content and amino acid profile. Results: The protein content (percentage) increased from 16.66 ± 0.35 and 20.24 ± 0.50 to 20.00 ± 0.15 and 21.98 ± 0.80 for the processed desi and kabuli cultivar compared to raw chickpeas, respectively (P < 0.05). There was insignificant change (P = 0.05) in amino acid profile following processing and the resulting flour was found to meet the amino acid requirements of WHO/FAO protein reference for 0-24 month's children. Conclusion: The designed chickpea based infant follow-on formula meets the WHO/FAO requirements on complementary foods and also the EU regulations on follow-on formula with minimal addition of oils, minerals and vitamins. It uses chickpea as a common source of carbohydrate and protein hence making it more economical and affordable for the developing countries without compromising the nutrition quality.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number8
JournalNutrition Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 22 Jan 2014


  • Amino acid
  • Chickpea
  • Infant follow-on formulae
  • Protein
  • Weaning formulae


Dive into the research topics of 'The potential use of chickpeas in development of infant follow-on formula'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this