The Process Model of Group-Based Emotion: Integrating Intergroup Emotion and Emotion Regulation Perspectives

Amit Goldenberg*, Eran Halperin, Martijn van Zomeren, James J. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


Scholars interested in emotion regulation have documented the different goals and strategies individuals have for regulating their emotions. However, little attention has been paid to the regulation of group-based emotions, which are based on individuals’ self-categorization as a group member and occur in response to situations perceived as relevant for that group. We propose a model for examining group-based emotion regulation that integrates intergroup emotions theory and the process model of emotion regulation. This synergy expands intergroup emotion theory by facilitating further investigation of different goals (i.e., hedonic or instrumental) and strategies (e.g., situation selection and modification strategies) used to regulate group-based emotions. It also expands emotion regulation research by emphasizing the role of self-categorization (e.g., as an individual or a group member) in the emotional process. Finally, we discuss the promise of this theoretical synergy and suggest several directions for future research on group-based emotion regulation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)118-141
Number of pages24
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.


  • emotion
  • emotion regulation
  • group-based emotions
  • intergroup emotions
  • intergroup relations


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