Certain classroom programs that engage students in argumentive discourse over an extended period of time have been shown to result in far transfer effects in other disciplines.nbsp; For example, argumentation-rich teaching in science classes or mathematics has resulted in higher student achievement in English Language Arts. In this chapter, we review previous explanations for these effects rooted in theories of development, argumentation schema, ACT-R theory, motivation, and situativity.nbsp; We then extend these accounts by proposing that in these programs, students discover and practice textquotedblleftproactive executive control strategies.textquotedblrightnbsp; These strategies involve intentionally activating or inhibiting a certain cognitive process, such as protection from interference.nbsp; The acquisition and strengthening of these strategies has been used to explain far transfer effects from working memory training to tests of fluid intelligence, based on a cognitive architecture proposed by Taatgen (2013).nbsp; We propose that similar processes may be at work in argumentive learning environments.nbsp; For example, when one is considering someone else’s counterargument, one has to protect the mind from interference by one’s own argument, and then switch attention back to one’s argument to advocate or evaluate it.nbsp; Our account is consistent with those explaining far transfer effects from the generation of general production rules (Koedinger amp; Stampfer, 2015) as well as the acquisition of conceptual agency through participation in conversations that matter (Greeno, 2006).nbsp; Our theory also has the advantage, however, of uniting various levels of cognitive analysis, from the micro to the more molar.
|Title of host publication||The psychology of argument|
|Subtitle of host publication||cognitive approaches to argumentation and persuasion|
|Editors||Fabio Paglieri, Laura Bonelli, Silvia Felletti|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||17|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2016|
|Name||Studies in logic|