The public sector, family structure, and labor market behavior: Jewish mothers in Israel

Barbara S. Okun*, Amalya L. Oliver, Orna Khait-Marelly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent research has suggested that the characteristics of paid work affect trade-offs between women's activities in the family and employment spheres. One argument suggests that public sector employment, more so than private sector employment, provides conditions that are amenable to the combination of paid work and family. In this article, the authors exploit panel-type data to compare the labor market behavior of Jewish Israeli women in the years following childbirth and focus on differential labor market activity among women with employment histories in the public and private sectors. Their findings point to significant interaction effects between previous sector of employment and childbearing behavior and suggest that the welfare state, through the provision of "family friendly" employment opportunities, plays a role in encouraging women's paid labor in the years following childbirth.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)174-204
Number of pages31
JournalWork and Occupations
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Family
  • Israel
  • Public sector
  • Welfare state
  • Work

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