The relation between fearfulness, disgust sensitivity and religious obsessions in a non-clinical sample

Bunmi O. Olatunji, David F. Tolin, Jonathan D. Huppert, Jeffrey M. Lohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study sought to determine the relation among fearfulness, disgust sensitivity, and religious obsessions in a non-clinical sample. One hundred participants completed two measures of fear (Fear Survey Schedule, Padua Inventory) a measure of disgust sensitivity (Disgust Scale) and a measure of religious obsessions (Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity). Overall, the data were consistent with an additive relation among fearfulness, disgust sensitivity and religious obsessions. Inconsistent with recent notions in the research literature, the relation between disgust sensitivity and religious obsessions remained significant even after controlling for general fearfulness and cleanliness fears. Stepwise multiple regression analyses indicated that interpersonal and contamination fears as well as disgust sensitivity specifically towards sex and death best predicted religious obsessions. It is suggested that an additive model consisting of symptoms of both fear and disgust should be considered in future research and treatment of religious obsessions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)891-902
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported in part by NIMH NRSA grant 1F31MH067519-1A1 awarded to Bunmi O. Olatunji.

Keywords

  • Disgust sensitivity
  • Fear
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Religious obsessions

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