The response regulator RssB controls stability of the σS subunit of RNA polymerase in Escherichia coli

Andrea Muffler, Daniela Fischer, Shoshy Altuvia, Gisela Storz, Regine Hengge-Aronis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

227 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rpoS-encoded σS subunit of RNA polymerase is a central regulator in a regulatory network that governs the expression of many stationary phase-induced and osmotically regulated genes in Escherichia coli. σS is itself induced under these conditions due to an increase in rpoS transcription (only in rich media) and rpoS translation as well as a stabilization of σS protein which in growing cells is subject to rapid turnover. We demonstrate here that a response regulator, RssB, plays a crucial role in the control of the cellular σS content. rssB null mutants exhibit nearly constitutively high levels of σS and are impaired in the post-transcriptional growth phase-related and osmotic regulation of σS. Whereas rpoS translational control is not affected, σS is stable in rssB mutants, indicating that RssB is essential for σS turnover. RssB contains a unique C-terminal output domain and is the first known response regulator involved in the control of protein turnover.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1333-1339
Number of pages7
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 1996

Keywords

  • Osmoregulation
  • Proteolysis
  • Sigma factor
  • Stationary phase
  • rpoS

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