The role of the microbiome in host evolution

Oren Kolodny*, Benjamin J. Callahan*, Angela E. Douglas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the last decade, we have witnessed a major paradigm shift in the life sciences: the recognition that the microbiome, i.e. the set of microorganisms associated with healthy animals (including humans) and plants, plays a crucial role in the sustained health and fitness of its host. Enabled by rapid advances in sequencing technologies and analytical methods, substantial advances have been achieved in both identifying the microbial taxa and understanding the relationship between microbiome composition and host phenotype. These breakthroughs are leading to novel strategies for improved human and animal health, enhanced crop yield and nutritional quality, and the control of various pests and disease agents. This article is part of the theme issue 'The role of the microbiome in host evolution'.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number20190588
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume375
Issue number1808
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • beneficial microbes
  • coevolution
  • commensals
  • eco-evolutionary dynamics

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