The “southeastern Europe” lineage of the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) identified as Rhipicephalus rutilus Koch, 1844: Comparison with holotype and generation of mitogenome reference from Israel

Jan Šlapeta*, Bruce Halliday, Jason A. Dunlop, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Harold Salant, Sajjad Ghodrati, David Modrý, Shimon Harrus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (sensu lato) in the southeastern Mediterranean region and the Middle East is difficult to identify due to the presence of multiple mitochondrial DNA haplogroup lineages. The purpose of this study was to clarify the identity of the “southeastern Europe” lineage of this tick species complex. Our research shows that female ticks of the “southeastern Europe” lineage correspond to the morphology of R. rutilus Koch, 1844 as found in type-material at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin in Germany. We characterised the complete mitogenomes of R. rutilus, R. turanicus Pomerantsev, 1940 and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) in order to improve our understanding of the phylogenetic relationships among species within the R. sanguineus (sensu lato) complex. The material associated with the morphology of R. rutilus was previously labelled as the “southeastern Europe” lineage and found in Israel and Egypt, including Lower Egypt and the Nile Delta, where the original type-material was collected. Based on the morphology, genetic identity, and geographical distribution of the species, we conclude that the name R. rutilus is correctly linked to the “southeastern Europe” lineage of R. sanguineus (sensu lato).

Original languageAmerican English
Article number100118
JournalCurrent Research in Parasitology and Vector-Borne Diseases
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Brown dog tick
  • Egypt
  • Israel
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Morphology
  • Species identity

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