The spectral sharpness angle of gamma-ray bursts

Hoi Fung Yu*, Hendrik J. van Eerten, Jochen Greiner, Re'em Sari, P. Narayana Bhat, Andreas von Kienlin, William S. Paciesas, Robert D. Preece

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explain the results of Yu et al. (2015b) of the novel sharpness angle measurement to a large number of spectra obtained from the Fermi gamma-ray burst monitor. The sharpness angle is compared to the values obtained from various representative emission models: blackbody, single-electron synchrotron, synchrotron emission from a Maxwellian or power-law electron distribution. It is found that more than 91% of the high temporally and spectrally resolved spectra are inconsistent with any kind of optically thin synchrotron emission model alone. It is also found that the limiting case, a single temperature Maxwellian synchrotron function, can only contribute up to 58-18+23 % of the peak flux. These results show that even the sharpest but non-realistic case, the single-electron synchrotron function, cannot explain a large fraction of the observed spectra. Since any combination of physically possible synchrotron spectra added together will always further broaden the spectrum, emission mechanisms other than optically thin synchrotron radiation are likely required in a full explanation of the spectral peaks or breaks of the GRB prompt emission phase.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Korean Space Science Society.

Keywords

  • Gamma-ray burst: general
  • Gamma-rays: stars
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
  • Radiation mechanisms: thermal

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