The Substitutability and Complementarity of Private Security with Public Police: The Case of Violence Against Women and Girls in the Rail Network of the United Kingdom

Barak Ariel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stack of evidence on ways in which private and public police can work collaboratively is mounting. From what we know, when the two spheres take a co-operative approach, effective crime control practices ensue. The use of private security in lieu of ‘classic’ policing roles is not just a matter of desirable reduced public expenditure; security guards, place managers, and many other non-state actors are often as effective, if not more, in crime management and security services than the police. We take the case of violence against women and girls (VAWG), specifically in the public transportation environment, to illustrate the substitutability and complementarity of private security with public police. In this chapter, we observe three ‘units of analysis’: crime locations, offenders, and victims. Examination of all three units reinforces the view that private and public police should not work in silos. ‘VAWG Hotspots’ can be identified by police records and then patrolled by security guards, in order to prevent VAWG; known and potentially recidivist VAWG offenders can be managed by both police and private security, using a focused deterrence approach; and VAWG victims can be given additional care through a ‘call back’ policy, provided conjunctly by the two systems. I conclude with a series of policy recommendations for applying these evidence-based approaches to deal with VAWG, with the British Transport Police and the United Kingdom’s train operating companies in mind, as they are best equipped to carry out these policies.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationCompetitive Government
Subtitle of host publicationPublic Private Partnerships
PublisherSpringer
Pages193-221
Number of pages29
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameCompetitive Government: Public Private Partnerships
VolumePart F1694
ISSN (Print)2524-4183
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4191

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2023.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Substitutability and Complementarity of Private Security with Public Police: The Case of Violence Against Women and Girls in the Rail Network of the United Kingdom'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this