The Welfare-based Defense of Zoos

Tzachi Zamir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A "welfare-based defense" of a practice involving nonhuman animals presents the examined practice as promoting the animal's own interests. Such justifications surface in relation to various interactions between human and nonhuman animals. Sometimes such arguments appear persuasive. Sometimes they form self-serving rationalizations. This paper attempts to clarify and specify the distinction between plausible and dubious applications of such arguments. It then examines (and rejects) a detailed welfare-based defense of zoos.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalSociety and Animals
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2007


  • choice
  • moderate animal liberationists
  • moral status
  • moral veganism
  • morally acceptable
  • paternalism
  • respect
  • use/exploitation


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