The Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria citH gene is expressed early in the infection process of tomato and is positively regulated by the TctDE two-component regulatory system

Dafna Tamir-Ariel, Tally Rosenberg, Saul Burdman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Xcv) is the causal agent of bacterial spot disease of tomato and pepper. Previously, we have reported the adaptation of a recombinase- or resolvase-based in vivo expression technology (RIVET) approach to identify Xcv genes that are specifically induced during its interaction with tomato. Analysis of some of these genes revealed that a citH (citrate transporter) homologous gene contributes to Xcv virulence on tomato. Here, we demonstrate that the citH product indeed facilitates citrate uptake by showing the following: citH is specifically needed for Xcv growth in citrate, but not in other carbon sources; the citH promoter is specifically induced by citrate; and the concentration of citrate from tomato leaf apoplast is considerably reduced following growth of the wild-type and a citH-complemented strain, but not the citH mutant. We also show that, in the Xcv-tomato interaction, the promoter activity of the citH gene is induced as early as 2.5 h after Xcv is syringe infiltrated into tomato leaves, and continues to be active for at least 96 h after inoculation. We identified an operon containing a two-component regulatory system homologous to tctD/tctE influencing citH expression in Xcv, as well as its heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. The expression of hrp genes does not seem to be affected in the citH mutant, and this mutant cannot be complemented for growth in planta when co-inoculated with the wild-type strain, indicating that citrate uptake in the apoplast is important for the virulence of Xcv.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)57-71
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Plant Pathology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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