Theoretical investigation of imprinted crosslinked silicates

Simcha Srebnik*, Ovadia Lev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sol-gel technology excels in tailoring catalysts, electrocatalysts, sensors and biosensors, as well as membrane and other separation technologies, which require accurate control of the structure and chemical affinity of gels and xerogels. One of the most successful techniques for achieving controlled porosity is by introduction of inorganic, organic, or even biological agents during the polymerization step. Subsequent removal of the agents leaves stable vacant imprints of the template agent. However, still today template design and molecular imprinting are largely guided by experimental achievements and qualitative perceptions rather than by comprehensive theories. In this paper we review our recent theoretical efforts based on statistical mechanics models aimed at understanding and generalizing the conditions that are likely to result in successful template formation. However, the current models are still coarse-grained and consider the average size of cavities while disregarding their shape, structure, and chemical functionality. We studied three generic ways for the introduction of pore forming agents: (1) Cross-linking of functional monomers in the presence of non-covalently bonded rigid templates. (2) Polymerization of silicon species and organic monomers which are removed after gel formation using chemical treatment. (3) Polycondensation of a monomer containing a pendant group that is released during or after polymerization and cross-linking.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Volume26
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Prof. David Avnir for fruitful discussions. SS wishes to acknowledge the Levi-Eshkol Foundation for financial support. The research was partially financed by the Infrastructure Program of the Israel Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport.

Keywords

  • Mean field theory
  • Molecular imprinting
  • Sol-gel
  • Template

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