Therapeutic drug monitoring of lacosamide among children: is it helpful?

Elkana Kohn, Mirit Lezinger, Sharon Daniel, Majdi Masarwi, Nurit Brandriss, Adina Bar-Chaim, Matitiahu Berkovitch, Eli Heyman, Rinat Komargodski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of Lacosamide (LCM) in a pediatric population with epilepsy using LCM serum concentration and its correlation to the age of the participants and the dosage of the drug. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were collected from the medical records of children with epilepsy treated with LCM at Shamir Medical Center between February 2019 to September 2021, in whom medication blood levels were measured. Trough serum LCM concentration was measured in the biochemical laboratory using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and correlated with the administered weight-based medication dosing and clinical report. Results: Forty-two children aged 10.43 ± 5.13 years (range: 1–18) were included in the study. The average daily dose of LCM was 306.62 ± 133.20 mg (range: 100–600). The average number of seizures per day was 3.53 ± 7.25 compared to 0.87 ± 1.40 before and after LCM treatment, respectively. The mean LCM serum concentration was 6.74 ± 3.27 mg/L. No statistically significant association was found between LCM serum levels and the clinical response (p = 0.58), as well as the correlation between LCM dosage and the change in seizure rate (p = 0.30). Our study did not find a correlation between LCM serum concentration and LCM dosage and the gender of the participants: males (n = 17) females (n = 23) (p = 0.31 and p = 0.94, respectively). A positive trend was found between age and LCM serum concentrations (r = 0.26, p = 0.09). Conclusion: Based on the data that has been obtained from our study, it appears that therapeutic drug monitoring for LCM may not be necessary. Nonetheless, further research in this area is needed in the light of the relatively small sample size of the study.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1164902
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Kohn, Lezinger, Daniel, Masarwi, Brandriss, Bar-Chaim, Berkovitch, Heyman and Komargodski.

Keywords

  • epilepsy
  • lacosamide (LCM)
  • pediatric population
  • plasma concentration
  • seizures
  • therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Therapeutic drug monitoring of lacosamide among children: is it helpful?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this