“These are not just slogans” Assertions of friendship between states

Zohar Kampf*, Gadi Heimann, Lee Aldar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The goal of this study is to capture the meaning of interstate friendship from the perspective of international actors and to underline the benefits of analyzing speech acts as a tool for revealing the relational scripts that guide interstate relations. Analysis of the discourse surrounding 215 assertions of friendship made by statespersons in a variety of diplomatic encounters and cultural contexts allows us to identify the factors that state actors articulate to develop friendly interstate relations, the practices expected from a friendly state, and the goals attributed to practices of friendship. In the Conclusion we discuss the differences between interpersonal and interstate friendships, and how the speech act of friendship plays a part in the construction of interstate relations.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)653-674
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Language and Politics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 22 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© John Benjamins Publishing Company.


  • Assertions
  • Diplomatic discourse
  • Friendship
  • Political speech acts


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