Thoracic manifestations of Behçet disease at CT

Nurith Hiller, Sivan Lieberman, Tova Chajek-Shaul, Jacob Bar-Ziv, Dorith Shaham*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Behçet disease is a multisystemic and chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that is characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcerations, ocular manifestations, and additional clinical manifestations in multiple organ systems. Behçet disease involving the chest can manifest as a wide spectrum of abnormalities. Although conventional chest radiography is commonly used for initial assessment, spiral computed tomography can demonstrate the entire spectrum of thoracic manifestations of Behçet disease, including abnormalities of the vessel lumen and wall, perivascular tissues, lung parenchyma, pleura, and mediastinal structures. Aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries, with or without thrombosis, are a typical manifestation of Behçet disease. Other manifestations include thrombosis, vasculitis, hemorrhage, infarction, and inflammation. Familiarity with these manifestations can be useful in the diagnosis of Behçet disease, helping to determine the cause of symptoms in patients who present with hemoptysis and guide the choice of appropriate therapy.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalRadiographics
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behçet disease, 92.629, 94.629
  • Lung, diseases, 60.629
  • Pulmonary arteries, diseases, 944.629
  • Pulmonary arteries, thrombosis, 944.751
  • Thorax, CT, 94.1211
  • Thorax, diseases, 94.629

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