In the presence of compact dimensions massive solutions of General Relativity may take one of several forms including the black-hole and the black-string, the simplest relevant background being ℝ3+1 × S1. It is shown how Morse theory places constraints on the qualitative features of the phase diagram, and a minimalistic diagram is suggested which describes a first order transition whose only stable phases are the uniform string and the black-hole. The diagram calls for a topology changing ''merger'' transition in which the black-hole evolves continuously into an unstable black-string phase. As evidence a local model for the transition is presented in which the cone over S2 × S 2 plays a central role. Horizon cusps do not appear as precursors to black hole merger. A generalization to higher dimensions finds that whereas the cone has a tachyon function for d ≤ 5, its stability depends interestingly on the dimension - it is unstable for d < 10, and stable for d > 10.
- Black Holes
- Classical Theories of Gravity