Touristification, smartization, and social sustainability in European regions

Amit Birenboim*, Salvador Anton Clavé, Andrea Ganzaroli, Anna Bornioli, Susan Vermeulen, Michal Zuckerman Farkash, Ana Pastor Alcaraz, Josep A. Ivars Baidal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


Touristification and smartization processes are commonly associated with economic growth strategies. Here we emphasize and demonstrate the need to consider the implication of these processes on social sustainability. Initial results imply that: (1) regions not specialized in tourism are associated with a lower share of population in poverty; and (2) regions’ ‘smartness’ level is negatively associated with the share of poverty. However, in regions highly specialized in tourism, smartization demonstrated an opposite association of increased intra-regional poverty. As residents’ quality of life is becoming a key policy consideration, understanding the effect of these socio-economic processes on socially sustainable growth has timely implications for regional planning, including for post-COVID-19 recovery strategies.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • European regions
  • Social sustainability
  • smart regions
  • smart tourism
  • tourism specialization


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