Toward a new definition of community partnership: A three-dimensional approach

Orna Shemer*, Hillel Schmid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We propose a new definition of partnership, which emphasizes the role and meaning of power in creating partnership. Following a case study of change processes within a kibbutz community undergoing lifestyle changes, The proposed definition focuses on three dimensions of partnership: (a) the overt dimension, in which partnership is manifested through daily community life such as organizational structure, rules and norms; (b) the covert dimension, which focuses on symbolic rites of partnership and "non-events"; (c) the latent dimension, which expresses internalized partnership and influences participants' consciousness through socialization and world views.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)123-139
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Rural Cooperation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2007


  • Community partnership
  • Decision-making processes
  • Kibbutz
  • Partnership
  • Power


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